Pipeline transportation system is a very safe and environment-friendly transportation mode. However, pipeline leakage may happen due to various reasons. Pipeline leaks can be dangerous and require caution and immediate action to protect people, property and the environment.
Following are signs of potential pipeline leak -
- Discolouration of vegetation; dead vegetation; pool of liquid on the ground near the pipeline; dirt being blown into the air; fire; dense white cloud or fog or frozen ground near the pipeline.
- Hissing or roaring sound in ROW.
- Smell of petroleum product, mild fragrant odour (Ethanol), pungent odour such as sulfur (rotten eggs or garlic-like).
Any one of the above or combinations, indicate the presence of leak from the pipeline and needs to be informed promptly to the pipeline owner on the telephone numbers as mentioned in the warning boards provided in the pipeline route.
Action in case of Suspected Leak Scenario:
- Immediately leave the area in an upwind direction and inform others to stay away from the area.
- In case of school or any other public gathering, students, teachers, entire school staff to be evacuated and act as per the emergency response plan of the school. Other public gatherings also need to be evacuated immediately.
- Do not light a match, start an engine, use a cell phone or turn on/off any electrical appliances, in the vicinity of leakage point to avoid potential ignition sources which may cause an explosion or fire.
- After moving to a safe distance away from the potential leak, inform the pipeline owner regarding the incident.
- Do not drive into an area where you suspect a leak, and do not touch or operate pipeline valves..
- Avoid making contact with escaping liquids or vapours. This will prevent you from getting any eye, skin or respiratory irritation and possible fire as the product may be highly flammable.