Paradip Refinery is IndianOil’s 11th Refinery. It was dedicated in the service of the nation by PM Shri Narendra Modi on February 7, 2016. Envisioned as the the Energy Gateway to Eastern India, the 15 MMTPA Refinery has been set up at an estimated cost of Rs. 34,555 crore.
It is the most-modern refinery of the country, with a complexity factor of 12.2 based on Nelson Index. The refinery is configured to process high-sulphur heavy crude oils with major secondary processing units like Fluidised Catalytic Cracker, Delayed Coking Unit (DCU) for coke production, besides Diesel Hydro-treatment and Catalytic Reformer, Alkylation unit, Merox, etc., for quality upgradation of products.
Paradip Refinery has a unique INDMAX Unit technology, which is indigenously been developed by IndianOil's R&D Centre. The INDMAX (FCC) Unit is designed to produce 44% LPG, the highest yield from such plants. The commissioning of INDMAX Unit at Paradip (capacity 4.17 Million Metric Tonnes Per Annum), marks a major milestone in the history of Indian refining. With this, IndianOil is now recognized globally as a technology licensor.
The other first-time technological features of the Refinery include Flue Gas Desulphurisation facilities, Vapour Recovery system from jetty loading and an alkylation process to get octane-rich low-benzene MS blend component, etc.
The refinery can process 100% high sulphur and heavy crude oil to produce various petroleum products like Petrol and diesel BS-IV quality, kerosene, Aviation Turbine fuel, Propylene, Sulphur and Petroleum Coke. The refinery is also designed to produce Euro-V premium quality Motor Spirit and other green auto fuel variants for export to advanced countries.
The products from the Refinery will meet the energy demands of the domestic market and partly the South-East Asia export market. The finished petroleum products from Paradip Refinery will be shipped to as far as Asia Pacific, Europe, USA, and to the demand centres in the east of India, north east and to some southern states like Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.
Paradip Refinery is spread over a total area of 3,345 acres, including about 300 acres for Refinery Township and about 100 acres of land for building two approach roads to connect the refinery site with the existing road network. About 7 acres of land has been acquired at Cuttack for setting-up the raw-water intake facility.
The refinery is equipped with 11 crude oil tanks to store high-sulphur heavy crude, with 58 petroleum product & intermediate tanks (including for liquid sulphur storage tanks). Apart from these liquid storage facilities, there are LPG storage mounded bullets, propylene storage mounded bullets, Hydrogen and alkylation feed mounded bullets.
An elaborate infrastructure is in place for pumping crude oil to the Paradip Refinery and for smooth, safe and efficient movement of the finished products. This includes a crude oil unloading facility at Paradip offshore with the first Single Point Mooring (SPM) facility on the east coast of India; a complex cross-country product pipeline network; a marketing terminal with truck loading bays and tank-wagon gantry; and an LPG terminal with facilities for road dispatch. But the biggest crude receipt and product dispatch infrastructure of Paradip Refinery is the captive South Oil Jetty, the first-of-its-kind in India made for a greenfield coastal refinery. The products are dispatched through pipelines (20-25%), rail (20-25%), road (15-20%) & coastal (40-50%) movements.
With an aim to add more value , a 700 KTA capacity Polypropylene (PP) Plant, based on Propylene recovered from Cracked LPG generated from INDMAX Plant, is under implementation at an approved cost of Rs. 3150 Crore and is scheduled for completion by 2017-18. The refinery also has plans to set-up an Ethylene Recovery Unit /Mono-Ethylene Glycol (MEG) at an estimated cost of Rs. 3800 Crore. These units are expected to be completed by 2020-21.